ONE of the world award again achieved the level of Indonesia, namely traditional music angklung set by the court on the United Nations Educational Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in Nairobi, Kenya (18 Novermber 2010) as percussion instruments from bamboo as a world cultural heritage. Angklung categorized as Masterpieces of Oral Heritage and Human Nonbendawi.
traditional music angklung
Of course it means a determination of the existence of musical instruments native to Indonesia, which until now still reverberate and preserved by school children and various community organizations both domestically and abroad.
Determination of UNESCO towards angklung it also adds a similar inaugural repertory by the agency for batik, wayang, and the dagger - which is a masterpiece of the nation of Indonesia.
As known, Angklung is a musical instrument multitonal (dual pitched), which is traditionally grown in the Sundanese in western Java Island. This musical instrument made of bamboo, sounded shaken by (noise due to conflict of bamboo pipe body) resulting in an array of vibrating sound typical of the tone 2, 3 to 4 tones in every size, large or small.
Barrel (tone) musical instrument Angklung as Sundanese traditional music is very stout and pelog salendro. Bamboo is made for this instrument is a type wulung (purplish black bamboo) is also friends (white bamboo).
In Jasinga, Bogor, West Java, this traditional musical instrument that has existed since 400 years ago it was angklung gubrag. Appearance originated from rice planting ritual, in which angklung gubrag created by our ancestors to lure Dewi Sri to come down to earth for the people of the rice plant can flourish.
Also musical instruments are known by the Sundanese people since the time of the Kingdom of Sunda, among them as music penggugah spirit in battle. Angklung function as pumping continues to feel the spirit of the people still come to the Dutch colonial period in this country. That is why the Dutch had fear and prohibit the public use angklung. As a result of the ban was made at that time angklung popularity declined.
Distribute Virus Though banned by the Dutch East Indies government, our people not just obedient, though clandestinely music was still playing and was developed to spread to all corners of the archipelago. Spreading like a virus too, so fast and people preferred.
In a later development, in addition to penetrating angklung Kalimantan, Sumatra, and several other islands, also in 1908 recorded an Indonesian cultural mission trip to Thailand, among others, marked by the delivery instrument Angklung, and a game of musical instruments is also spreading in the country's white elephant .
Even in 1966, Udjo Ngalagena, angklung figures who developed the technique angklung game based on the barrel-barrel pelog, salendro and madenda began to teach how to play angklung to people of various communities.
Later in modern times, the technique perfected by the game Angklung Daeng Udjo Sutisna who managed to turn petatonis into diatonic scales (do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, do) in 1983. As a result the development of a more proud to happen, for example in Summit (Summit) Asia-Africa in Bandung, West Java. Modern Angklung music played for official events in Indonesia Ultimate Diversity, which are in Indonesia Raya songs and some well-known folk songs like Rasa Sayange, Come on Mama, Bird and Duck Goose old brother.
In this 21st century we should be grateful that the musical instrument Angklung been defined by UNESCO as world cultural heritage. Meanwhile, to give tribute to the great work, the government has built Saung Angklung Udjo (SAU) in Bandung, West Java, precisely in Padasuka 118 Bandung Jl. Saung Angklung Udjo (name taken from the figure angklung Udjo namely Udjo Ngalegna) is the world's largest angklung throne which is a masterpiece Udjo Ngalagna.
Angklung is made of black bamboo that is angklung bertangga tone diatonic melody that can play traditional songs and modern.
Now the task of the Indonesian nation to preserve and continue to expand the presence of traditional musical instruments angklung a legacy of our ancestors, to avoid extinction crushed progress of time.